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Table 2 Table of characteristics of reviews with only minor methodological limitations

From: Communication around HPV vaccination for adolescents in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic scoping overview of systematic reviews

Review N Years of publication of included studies Study designs1 Interventions or strategies3 Populations2 Geographical settings
Abdullahi et al., 2016 [39] 18 2008–2014 Cross-sectional: 17. Qualitative: 1 Sensitization campaigns and communication strategies: 3 Adolescent: 9 Parents: 14 Teachers: 2 South Africa: 6. Cameroon: 2. Uganda: 2. Nigeria: 2. Kenya: 1. Ghana: 1. Tanzania: 1. Botswana: 1. Mali: 1. Malawi: 1
Badawy et al., 2017 [40] 19 2010–2016 RCT: 11. Pre-post pilot design: 6. QES: 2 Reminder: 15 Mobile phone app platform intervention: 4 Adolescents (12-24): 19 USA: 9. Switzerland: 3. Hong Kong: 2. Colombia: 1. Wales: 1. Italy: 1. New Zealand: 1. Germany: 1
Ferrer et al., 2014 [41] 41 2004–2012 N/R4 N/A5 N/R4 USA: 24. Uke: 9. Australia: 3. Sweden: 2. Hong Kong. 2. Canada: 1
Fu et al., 2014 [4] 33 2004–2013 RCT: 10 N/R4: 23 Educational intervention: 15 Comparative message persuasiveness: 18 Parents: 12. Parents of girls: 5. Parents of either sex: 2. Adolescents (12-26): 21. Only women: 7. Only men: 3. Both: 3 Adults: 1 USA: 21. Canada: 3. Australia: 2. England: 2. China: 1. India: 1. Ireland: 1. Hong Kong: 1. Sweden: 1
Hendry et al., 2013 [42] 72 2004–2011 Qualitative: 28. Surveys: 44 N/A5 Adolescents (7-26) or their parents. Mostly women USA: 32. UK: 15. Australia: 4. Malaysia: 3. India: 3. Canada: 3. Hong Kong: 2. Sweden: 2. Italy: 2. Thailand: 1. Brazil: 1. Vietnam: 1. Netherlands: 1. Korea: 1. Korea, Taiwan, Thailand and Malaysia: 1
Johnson et al., 2018 [43] 53 1996–2017 Cross-sectional: 34 Pre-posttest: 10 RCT: 8 Non-RCT: 1 Education strategies: 38 Restructure strategies: 26 Quality strategies: 13 N/R4 Southern Africa: 16. Western Africa: 16. Eastern Africa: 14. Middle Africa: 7
Kang et al., 2018 [44] 5 2013–2016 RCT: 3 Cluster RCT: 2 Reminders: 5 Reminders and education: 3 Mostly female adolescents (9-26) One study included males (11-17) USA
Kim et al., 2017 [45] 22 2009–2015 Quantitative: 16 Qualitative 6 A culturally tailored Spanish educational radionovela Parents, mostly of female adolescents: 22 Only mothers (18-64): 15 USA
Newman et al., 2013 [46] 24 N/R4 Cross-sectional studies: 27. Cohort studies: 2 N/A5 Adult men: 21 Boys (14-19): 2 USA: 12. Australia: 3. Sweden: 2. Canada: 1. Germany: 1. Netherlands: 1. New Zealand: 1. Philippines: 1. Singapore: 1. South Korea: 1
Newman et al., 2018 [47] 79 2009–2017 Cross-sectional: 67 Longitudinal: 7 Cohort: 1 Case-control: 1 QES: 1 Clustered non-RCT: 1 Cluster-RCT: 1 N/A5 Parents of girls: 45 Parents of boys: 10 Parents of either: 24 Sex of parents: Both: 44. Mothers: 24. Not specified: 11 USA: 55. Canada: 4. Denmark: 2. Norway: 2. Puerto Rico: 2. Australia: 1. Fiji: 1. Hong Kong: 1. Italy: 1. Kenya: 1. South Africa: 1. Tanzania: 1. Turkey: 1. United Arab Emirates: 1. Vietnam: 1
Radisic et al., 2016 [48] 18 2010–2015 Quantitative: 14 Qualitative: 3 Mixed-methods: 1 N/A5 Parents, mostly of male adolescents (9-26) USA: 12. Canada: 2. Italy: 2. Denmark: 2
Rambout et al., 2013 [49] 22 2008–2011 Quantitative: 19 Qualitative: 1 Mixed-methods: 2 N/A5 Adolescents (26 years or younger) USA: 21. Canada: 1
  1. 1The study design terms listed here are those reported in the individual reviews. They are therefore not consistent across reviews
  2. 2The ages of the participants have been included when reported
  3. 3This column reports only the number of studies of interventions of strategies included in the reviews. Not all reviews included interventions as some focused on stakeholders’ views of communication interventions and of factors affecting their implementation
  4. 4N/R: not reported
  5. 5N/A: not applicable