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Table 2 SDM elements included in DAs and DA effects on SDM outcomes

From: Decision aids that facilitate elements of shared decision making in chronic illnesses: a systematic review

DA
study, year
SDM elements in DA SDM outcomes
Situation diagnosis Choice awareness Option clarification Harms and benefits Patient preferences Making decision Knowledge Patient participation Decisional conflict Satisfaction Time
Cardiovascular diseases
 Knops et al. 2014 [32]
 Man-Son-Hing et al. 1999 [33] ? ?
 Fraenkel et al. 2012 [34] ?
 Thomas et al. 2013 [35] ? ? ?
 El-Jawahri et al. 2016 [36] ? ? ?
 Korteland et al. 2017 [37]
 Thomson et al. 2007 [38] ? ?
 Morgan et al. 2000 [39] ? ? ?
 Coylewright et al. 2016 [40] ?
 McAlister et al. 2005 [41]
Respiratory diseases
 Gagné et al. 2017 [29] ?
 Slok et al. 2016 [42] ? ?
Diabetes
 Huang et al. 2017 [43]
 Statin Choice [30, 31, 44, 45] ? ↑/↔
 Mathers et al. 2012 [46] ? ? ?
 Heisler et al. 2014 [47] ?
 Bailey et al. 2016 [48] ?
 Denig et al. 2014 [49]
 Diabetes Medication Choice [50, 51] ?
 den Ouden et al. 2017 [52] ?
  1. Elements: • = not present; ? = unclear; ✔ = present; Outcomes: • = not reported; ↔ = no statistically significant effect; ↑ = favored DA