|(Must include 1, 2, and 3 and must include 4 or 5 or 6)||(Must exclude at least one of 1 or 2 or 3)|
1. Source focused on nephrology population (e.g., patients [adults, pediatrics, transplant, CKD patients of all forms] and/or practitioners).|
2. Source types: All study designs and other discourses, such as theoretical discussions, literature reviews, editorials, or guidelines, surrounding use of PROs in clinical nephrology practice.
3. Source written in English.
4. Use of PROs in individual clinical nephrology practice.
5. Evidence on the use of aggregate PRO information for micro-, meso-, or macro-levels in nephrology.
6. Involve a formal or substantive theory, mid-range theory, theoretical/conceptual framework, or model on PROs use in clinical nephrology practice or for healthcare administration purposes.
1. The source is focused on exploring, evaluating, or reviewing psychometric properties of PRO use in nephrology (e.g., validity, reliability).|
2. The source is focused on development of new PRO.
3. The source is focused on reporting findings in which a PRO is used as a research tool (e.g., an evaluation of an intervention, a study exploring the health-related quality of life of specific populations).