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Table 2 Calculated weighted mean differences for reported systolic blood pressure (mmHg)

From: Resting blood pressure reductions following handgrip exercise training and the impact of age and sex: a systematic review and narrative synthesis

  Young (< 55 years) Aged (> 55 years)  
Men
n = 139
− 2 mmHg (n = 11) [60]
− 6 mmHg (n = 8) [55]
0 mmHg (n = 11) [58]
− 4 mmHg (n = 14) [59]
− 9 mmHg (n = 9) [54]
− 5 mmHg (n = 13) [40]
−7 mmHg (n = 6) [45]
− 2 mmHg (n = 12) [51]
− 2.2 mmHg (n = 10) [39]
− 12 mmHg (n = 12) [46]
− 2 mmHg (n = 11) [47]
− 7 mmHg (n = 14) [53]
+ 1 mmHg (n = 8) [42]
Weighted mean (young and aged men): − 4.43 mmHg
Weighted mean: − 4.12 mmHg (n = 66) Weighted mean: − 4.71 mmHg (n = 73)  
Women
n = 104
−6 mmHg (n = 12) [38]
− 6 mmHg (n = 11) [38]
− 3 mmHg (n = 3) [55]
− 6 mmHg (n = 11) [54]
+ 16 mmHg (n = 1) [42]
− 3 mmHg (n = 13) [40]
0 mmHg (n = 13) [39]
− 9 mmHg (n = 6) [45]
− 13 mmHg (n = 4) [46]
− 15 mmHg (n = 2) [47]
− 11 mmHg (n = 11) [53]
− 5.2 mmHg (n = 17) [49]
Weighted mean (young and aged women): − 5.59 mmHg
Weighted mean: − 4.63 mmHg (n = 51) Weighted mean: − 6.52 mmHg (n = 53)  
Men + women
n = 222 (at least 96 women)
− 13 mmHg (n = 8) [57]
− 9.5 mmHg (n = 10) [57]
− 4.04 mmHg (n = 10, 4 women) [61] *sham
− 5.62 mmHg (n = 10, 4 women) [61]
− 9.87 mmHg (n = 30, 14 women) [36]
− 3 mmHg (n = 9) [56]
− 4.9 mmHg (n = 12, 6 women) [44]
− 5.5 mmHg (n = 18, 8 women) [52]
− 1.9 mmHg (n = 11, 4 women) [48]
− 19 mmHg (n = 9, 4 women) [43]
− 7 mmHg (n = 18, 11 women) [41]
− 2 mmHg (n = 20, 12 women) [41] *sham
− 13 mmHg (n = 10, 2 women) [37]
0 mmHg (n = 24, 15 women) [50]
+ 1.4 mmHg (n = 23, 12 women) [50] *sham
 
Weighted mean: −7.26 mmHg (n = 107) Weighted mean: − 3.96 mmHg (n = 115)  
Weighted mean (young men and women): −5.73 mmHg Weighted mean (aged men and women): − 4.75 mmHg  
  1. Italicized values represent statistically significant reductions, as per either the original published results or the data provided directly by authors. Decimal places as per the original published results or the data provided directly by authors