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Table 2 Reporting of sex/gender by review section

From: Sex/gender reporting and analysis in Campbell and Cochrane systematic reviews: a cross-sectional methods study

  Abstract*
N
% (95% CI)
Background*
N
% (95% CI)
Methods*
N
% (95% CI)
Results*
N
% (95% CI)
Discussion*
N
% (95% CI)
Campbell reviews
(N = 133)
18
13.5% (8–19)
26
19.5% (13–26)
68 50.8% (42–59) 30 22.6% (15–30) 18 13.5% (8–19)
Cochrane reviews
(N = 555)
55 9.9% (7–12) 153 27.6% (24–31) 461 83.1% (80–86) 161 29.0% (25–33) 81 14.6% (12–18)
Total 73 10.6% (8–13) 179 26.0% (23–29) 529
76.8% (74–80)
191 27.7% (24–31) 99 14.4% (12–17)
  1. *When sex/gender terms were used only to describe characteristics (e.g., sex/gender listed as a data extraction item, number of males/females/men/women included in the studies), we did not count these in the above but have included them in Figs. 2 and 3 as “descriptive” mentions of sex/gender