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Table 1 Selection criteria

From: Effectiveness of self-management support interventions for people with comorbid diabetes and chronic kidney disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis

  Inclusion Exclusion
Participants Adult patients (above 18 years) with diabetesa and CKD in any health care setting Participants without the diagnosis of diabetes and CKD
Interventions Self-management models including at least one of the following intervention components:
Provider education, provider feedback, provider reminders, patient education, patient reminders, and patient financial incentives
No intervention or any intervention other than those prespecified in the inclusion criteria
Control Clearly defined usual or standard care. This may be the chronic disease management programme that is already in place before a new model of care is introduced Any intervention except those listed in the
inclusion criteria
Outcomes Must include at least one of the following outcomes:
Primary:
1. Clinical indicators (blood pressure, eGFR, and HbA1c)
Secondary:
1. Medication adherence
2. Self-management activity
3. Health service utilization including hospitalization
4. Health-related quality of life
5. Adverse events such as deaths
Lack of at least one relevant prespecified outcome
Study design Randomized controlled trials and systematic reviews of randomized controlled trials Studies reporting non-randomized studies
  1. aParticipants with either type 1 or type 2 diabetes were included
  2. CKD chronic kidney disease which was defined as a sustained decrease in eGFR to levels less than 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 for a period of 3 months or longer, eGFR estimated glomerular filtration rate, HbA 1c glycated hemoglobin