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Table 1 Examples of pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions for behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD)

From: Comparative safety and efficacy of pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions for the behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia: protocol for a systematic review and network meta-analysis

Pharmacological interventions  
Antipsychotics (e.g., risperidone)  
Antidepressants (e.g., citalopram)  
Cholinesterase inhibitors (e.g., donepezil)  
Memantine  
Benzodiazepines (e.g., lorazepam)  
Anticonvulsants (e.g., valproate)  
Mood stabilizers (e.g., lithium)  
Stimulants (e.g., methylphenidate)  
Others (e.g., melatonin, quinidine)  
Non-pharmacological interventions  
Reminiscence therapy  
Validation therapy  
Simulated presence therapy  
Light therapy  
Animal therapy  
Aromatherapy  
Snoezelen room  
Exercise  
Cognitive training and rehabilitation