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Table 1 The classification, mechanism, and examples of anticoagulants and antiplatelet drugs

From: The effects of rhythm control strategies versus rate control strategies for atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter: a protocol for a systematic review with meta-analysis and Trial Sequential Analysis

Class Mechanism Examples
Anticoagulants Affect the coagulation cascade to prevent blood coagulation [112] Vitamin K-dependent antagonists
•Warfarin
Non-vitamin K-dependent antagonists
•Dabigatran
•Rivaroxaban
•Apixaban
•Edoxaban
Heparin
•Unfractionated heparin
•Low-molecular-weight heparin
Antiplatelet drugs Theoretically affect the migration and aggregation of platelets, consequently aiming at inhibiting thrombus formation [112] •Aspirin
•Clopidogrel
•Prasugrel
•Ticagrelor
•Cangrelor
•Abciximab
•Eptifibatid
•Dipyridamole