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Table 1 Potential subgroups for which outcomes were recorded

From: Barriers and facilitators to the implementation of orthodontic mini implants in clinical practice: a systematic review

General subgroups Specific subgroups
Research design Surveys: outcomes obtained through surveys (questionnaires) of stakeholders
Interviews: outcomes obtained from interviews with stakeholders
Focus groups: outcomes obtained from focus groups with stakeholders
Stakeholders Demand-side stakeholders: orthodontic patients and their family members
Supply-side stakeholders: clinicians, office staff, clinic owners, researchers, guideline developers, policy makers, implant companies, etc.
Users/non-users: both demand- and supply-side stakeholders can be further subdivided in those that have used OMIs previously (users) and those that have never used these devices (non-users)
Interventions Specified interventions: these interventions refer to a specific phase or type of the interventional procedure. Phases of the intervention refer to the anesthetics, implant insertion, orthodontic treatment with OMIs, implant removal, or the healing phase. Types of interventions refer to the implant type and dimensions, number of implants, use of plates, the surgical procedure, implant location, timing and forces of orthodontic loading, etc. [48].
Non specifiedinterventions: these interventions refer to “any orthodontic treatment with OMIs.” Additional information on the specific phase or type of the interventional procedure is not provided
Time points Pre-intervention recordings, i.e., recordings of outcomes prior to the interventional procedure
Immediate post-intervention recordings, i.e., recordings of outcomes within 2 weeks after the completion of the interventional procedure
Long-term post-intervention recordings, i.e., recordings of outcomes more than 2 weeks after the completion of the interventional procedure
Setting/country Private practice: stakeholders treated or working in a private practice
University setting: stakeholders treated or working in a university clinic
Country: stakeholders treated or working in a specific country