Skip to main content

Table 2 Necessity and sufficiency of individual behavior change techniques (BCTs) used within studies demonstrating improved medication adherence

From: Identifying configurations of behavior change techniques in effective medication adherence interventions: a qualitative comparative analysis

Behavior change technique (BCT) (abbreviation for analysisa)    Necessity Sufficiency
Number of studies with BCT Number of studies with BCT from among those studies demonstrating improved adherence (N = 34)b Of studies demonstrating improved adherence (N = 34)b, percent with BCT Of studies with BCT, percent that demonstrate improved adherence
Knowledge (K) 53 31 91 % 58 %
Facilitation (F) 32 16 47 % 50 %
Awareness (R) 29 15 44 % 52 %
Self-efficacy (S) 20 18 53 % 90 %
Intention formation (I) 14 9 26 % 64 %
Action control (C) 10 5 15 % 50 %
Attitude (T) 12 10 29 % 83 %
Maintenance (M) 9 5 15 % 56 %
Motivational interviewing (G) 9 7 21 % 78 %
  1. aAbbreviations used in parentheses are used in the presentation of results in Table 3
  2. b34 studies demonstrated improved medication adherence out of a total of 60 used for this analysis