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Table 1 Behavior change techniques (BCTs) used in interventions to improve medication adherence [14, 15]

From: Identifying configurations of behavior change techniques in effective medication adherence interventions: a qualitative comparative analysis

Behavior change technique (abbreviation for analysisa) Description
Knowledge (K) General information about behavior-related health consequences, use of individualized information, increase in understanding/memory enhancement
Awareness (R) Risk communication, self-monitoring, reflective listening, behavioral feedback
Attitudes (T) Targets attitudes toward behavior
Self-efficacy (S) Modeling, practice/skills training, verbal persuasion, coping response, graded tasks, reattribution of success/failure
Intention formation (I) General intention, medication schedule, goals, behavioral contract
Action control (C) Cues/reminders, self-persuasion, social support
Maintenance (M) Maintenance goals, relapse prevention
Facilitation (F) Ongoing professional support, dealing with adverse effects, individualizing/simplifying regimen (fewer pills, fewer medications, less frequent dosing, timing of dosing to fit individual schedule), reducing environmental barriers
Motivational interviewing (G) Client-centered yet directive counseling style that facilitates behavior change through helping clients resolve ambivalence.
  1. aAbbreviations in parentheses are used in the presentation of results in Table 3