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Table 2 Index test-related domains

From: Insertion torque recordings for the diagnosis of contact between orthodontic mini-implants and dental roots: a systematic review

Authors Index test Time point of torque recording Implant type, number, and dimensions Location of insertion Drilling technique Test threshold
Motoyoshi et al. [6] Digital Terminal rotation of the screw 143 ISAa
1.6 × 8 mm
Between maxillary first molar and second bicuspid Self-drilling and pre-drilling Not reported
Chen et al. [84] Mechanical During the last 1/3 of the insertion process 72 Leibingera
2.0 × 11 mm
With root contact
Distal aspect of the first, second, third, and fourth mandibular premolars
Pre-drilling Not reported
Without root contact
Under the bifurcation of the second, third, and fourth mandibular premolars and first molars
Brisceno et al. [25] Digital Not reported 56 IMTECa
1.8 × 8 mm
Distal or mesial roots of the mandibular second, third, fourth premolars, and first molars Self-drilling Not reported
Wilmes et al. [33] Digital Last 0.2 mm of the insertion process 320 dual topa
1.6 × 8 mm
Randomly in the mandibular alveolar ridge Pre-drilling Not reported
McEwan [32] Digital After 0.5 min of insertion and during the entire insertion process 30 3Ma
1.8 × 6 mm
30 Tomasb
1.6 × 6 mm
Between or in contact with the mandibular first, second, and third premolars Self-drilling Not reported
  1. aImplant types: ISA, Biodent (Tokyo, Japan); Leibinger (Freiburg, Germany); IMTEC (Ardmore Oklahoma); Dual top, Jeil Medical (Seoul, Korea); 3M TAD, Unitek™ (Monrovia, CA, USA); Tomas® pin, Dentaurum (Ispringen, Germany)
  2. bAll data in this table represent those reported in the original manuscript. Additional data obtained through our protocol for ‘Contacting authors’ are not included in this table