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Table 1 Major recognised oral cancer risk factors

From: Assessment and prevention of behavioural and social risk factors associated with oral cancer: protocol for a systematic review of clinical guidelines and systematic reviews to inform Primary Care dental professionals

Modifiable (behavioural) Non-modifiable (sociodemographic)
Tobacco smoking Socioeconomic status (lower)
Alcohol Age (older)
Smokeless tobacco (areca/betel nut) Gender (males)
HPV/sexual behaviours