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Table 2 Summary table for accepted studies—respiratory system

From: Use of ward closure to control outbreaks among hospitalized patients in acute care settings: a systematic review

Study Setting (beds); country Definition of ward closure (length) Other measures Inpatient outcomes (includes index case(s))a Controlled (Y, N, NA) Due tob
Influenza A
Horcajada et al. [40] Infectious disease and AIDS wards (23) at a tertiary care hospital (800); Spain No new admissions (2w) 7 8/23 in total Y All
Risa et al. [43] Adult behavioral health unit (26) at a veterans hospital; USA No new admissions 9 8/26 in total Y Multiple
Sartor et al. [44] Internal medicine unit (19) at a medical school affiliate (700); France No new admissions 3 9/22 in total: 2 (22 %) positive Y NA
Wong et al. [47] General medical ward, 3 bays (30); Hong Kong, China No new admissions; no transfers (8d) 5 9/60 in total Y All
Parainfluenza
Moisiuk et al. [42] Tertiary obstetric-neonatal facility (20); Canada No new admissions (3w) 8 12/19 in total: Y Hand hygiene
6 (50 %) positive
Parainfluenza and respiratory syncytial virus
Jalal et al. [41] Adult hematology unit (58) at a teaching hospital; UK No new admissions (2m) 5 30 in total (19 PIV-3, 7 RSV, 4 with both): 11 (37 %) died Y Multiple
Severe acute respiratory syndrome
Gopalakrishna et al. [46] 3 tertiary hospitals (1400, 1600, unknown); Singapore Hospital 1: hospital-wide undefined closure Hospital 1: 7 Hospital 1: 11 in total Y (all 3 hospitals) All (all 3 hospitals)
Hospital 2: no new admissions and discharges Hospital 2: 4 Hospital 2: 12 in total
Hospital 3: no new admissions and discharges (10d) Hospital 3: 1 Hospital 3: 6 in total
Liu et al. [48] Primary and tertiary care at a referral medical center (2300); Taiwan, China Undefined closure 12 16 in total: 4 (25 %) died Y All
Owolabi and Kwolek [38] Obstetrical unit at a general hospital; Canada SARS 1: limited new admissions SARS 1 (27d): 8 NA Y NA
SARS 2: no new admissions (45d) Days 5–49: 3
Streptococcus pneumoniae
Subramanian et al. [45] ENT ward at a teaching hospital; UK No new admissions; no discharges (1w) 4 7 in total Y NA
Streptococcus pneumoniae and Streptococcus
Denton et al. [39] Adult oncology unit (34); UK No new admissions (11d) 5 8 in total Y Closure
  1. d days, w weeks, m months, y years
  2. aIncludes deaths directly, indirectly, and attributable to infection
  3. bMultiple includes ward closure