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Table 6 Psychosocial outcome measures - post-intervention

From: Effects of education to facilitate knowledge about chronic pain for adults: a systematic review with meta-analysis

Outcome measure Study Sample size Statistic used Heterogeneity Effect size Test for overall effect Notes
   Intervention Control Total   I2 (%)   [95 % CI] Z-value p-value  
CATASTROPHISING           
Education versus usual care           
CSQ – catastrophising
PCP (EA) - catastrophising
Linton 1997; Soares 2002; Ruehlman 2012 219 185 404 SMD random 0 −0.08 [−0.28, 0.12] 0.79 0.43 Figure 8
Comparison of different types of education        
Pain catastrophising scale (PCS) Moseley 2004; van Oosterwijck 2013; Gallagher 2013 86 81 167 SMD random 48 −0.81 [−1.27, −0.35] 3.47 0.0005 Figure 10; favours education
SELF-EFFICACY        
Education versus usual care        
CSQ - self efficacy Soares 2002 18 17 35 MD random n/a 0.47 [−0.83, 1.77] 0.71 0.48  
KNOWLEDGE OF PAIN           
Comparison of different types of education           
Pain biology/neuro-physiology knowledge Gallagher 2013; van Oosterwijck 2013 55 54 109 MD random 0 3.86 [2.44, 5.28] 5.34 <0.00001 Figure 12; favours education
Knowledge and attitude score Ferrell 1997 9 9 18 MD random n/a 34.10 [23.22, 44.98] 6.14 <0.00001 Sample >65 years
GLOBAL HEALTH           
Comparison of different types of education           
SF36 - general health perceptions van Oosterwijck 2013 15 15 30 MD random n/a −0.50 [−11.07, 10.07] 0.09 0.93  
SF36 - overall health rating Ferrell 1997 10 10 20 MD random n/a −16.20 [−31.56, −0.84] 2.07 0.04 Favours control
MOOD        
Education versus usual care           
DASS – depression Ruehlman 2012 162 143 305 MD random n/a −0.26 [−1.51, 0.99] 0.41 0.68  
Comparison of different types of education        
SF36 - mental health van Oosterwijck 2013 15 15 30 MD random n/a 13.40 [−1.24, 28.04] 1.79 0.07  
SOCIAL FUNCTION        
Comparison of different types of education           
SF36 – social function van Oosterwijck 2013 15 15 30 MD random n/a 8.90 [−8.16, 25.96] 1.02 0.31  
  1. SF-36 RAND 36-item health survey, DASS depression, anxiety and stress scale, CSQ coping strategies questionnaire, PCS pain catastrophising scale, CSQ coping strategies questionnaire, PCP (EA) profile of chronic pain (Extended Assessment), 95 % CI 95 % confidence interval; Effect size represented as standardised mean difference (SMD) or mean difference (MD) depending on statistic used; Random = random effects model; heterogeneity is not applicable (n/a) when reported as single study