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Table 2 Excluded studies

From: Effects of education to facilitate knowledge about chronic pain for adults: a systematic review with meta-analysis

Author (year) Reason for exclusion
Burckhardt et al. 1994 Refers to “a contract for individual behaviour change”, suggesting CBT/BT
Chiauzzi et al. 2010 Second main component of website “CBT to improve self-efficacy”
Dirmaier et al. 2013 Protocol only
Dush et al. 2006 Mentions “psychotherapy components were tailored to patient’s needs”, suggesting psychotherapy in addition to education
Dworkin et al. 2002 Involves relaxation and coping skills training
Haas et al. 2005 Uses Stanford Self-management model (multi-disciplinary, unable to assess educational component alone)
Harpole et al. 2003 Includes detailed clinical assessment and tailored treatment plan
Jerjes et al. 2007 Pilot study, non-randomised
LeFort et al. 1998 Uses Stanford Self-management model (multi-disciplinary, unable to assess educational component alone)
Matchar et al. 2008 Includes diagnosis and treatment as part of the programme
Michelotti et al. 2012 Focus on “habit reversal” (psychological intervention) and includes a large physiotherapy (exercise) component (multi-disciplinary, unable to assess educational component alone)
Van Ittersum et al. 2011 No control group
Vlaeyen et al. 1996 Includes physical exercise at the end of each session, therefore, cannot distinguish effect of education or exercise