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Table 3 Examples of measures used to assess well-being

From: Systematic review protocol of interventions to improve the psychological well-being of general practitioners

Outcome measured Instrument
Mental well-being Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Wellbeing Scale [20]
  Diener’s Flourishing Scale [17]
  General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) [34]
  Physician Job Satisfaction Scale [35]
Burnout Maslach’s Burnout Inventory [36]
Psychological distress Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) [37]
  Distress sub-scale of Symptom Checklist Rev (SCL-R) [38]
Anxiety Depression Anxiety Distress Scale [39]
  Brief Symptom Inventory [40]
  Anxiety sub-scale of SCL-R
Depression Beck’s Depression Inventory [41]
  Brief Symptom Inventory
  Depression sub-scale of SCL-R
  Center for Epidemiology Studies-Depression (CES-D) scale [42]
  DASS
Empathy Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI) [43]
  Jefferson’s Scale Physician Empathy [44]
Mindfulness Freiberg Mindfulness Inventory (FMI) [45]
Quality of life WHOQOL [46]