Skip to main content

Table 4 Proposed stakeholders, actions, and potential benefits for supporting adherence to PRISMA-P

From: Preferred reporting items for systematic review and meta-analysis protocols (PRISMA-P) 2015 statement

Stakeholder Proposed action Potential benefits
Funders Promote or mandate adherence to PRISMA-P or use PRISMA-P as a template for systematic review proposals for grant applications Improved quality, completeness, and consistency of systematic review proposal submissions
Standardized protocol content will improve peer review efficiency and investigator understanding of requirements
Systematic review authors/groups/organizations Use/adhere to PRISMA-P during protocol development Improved quality, completeness, and consistency of protocol content
Enables reviewers to anticipate and avoid future changes to review methods (i.e., outcomes)
Increased awareness of minimum content for protocol reporting
Improved completeness of reporting of completed reviews
PROSPERO (and other review registries) Encourage the development of PRISMA-P-based protocols Improved quality of registry entries
Improved consistency across registry entries, protocols, and systematic reviews
Practice guideline developers Use PRISMA-P to gauge the completeness of protocols and facilitate detection of selective reporting when considering reviews for guideline inclusion Enables easy comparison across protocols, registry entries, and completed systematic reviews
Policymakers Advocate use of PRISMA-P by those funding and carrying out systematic reviews May yield better quality, more complete, and more consistent reviews to inform decision-making
Journal editors Encourage compliance to PRISMA-P for authors submitting protocols for publication Improved quality, completeness, and consistency of protocols over those published in journals not endorsing PRISMA-P
Offer PRISMA-P as a template to assist in protocol writing for publication Increased efficiency in protocol peer and author understanding of journal requirements
Improved transparency and interpretation of reviews by readers
Educators Use PRISMA-P as a training tool Simplified teaching and grading of protocols
Encourage adherence in students submitting protocols for coursework Improved quality, completeness, and consistency of protocol content
Students Develop protocols for coursework or research using PRISMA-P Improved understanding of the minimum protocol content
   Well-trained systematic reviewer going into the workforce