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Table 4 Proposed stakeholders, actions, and potential benefits for supporting adherence to PRISMA-P

From: Preferred reporting items for systematic review and meta-analysis protocols (PRISMA-P) 2015 statement


Proposed action

Potential benefits


Promote or mandate adherence to PRISMA-P or use PRISMA-P as a template for systematic review proposals for grant applications

Improved quality, completeness, and consistency of systematic review proposal submissions

Standardized protocol content will improve peer review efficiency and investigator understanding of requirements

Systematic review authors/groups/organizations

Use/adhere to PRISMA-P during protocol development

Improved quality, completeness, and consistency of protocol content

Enables reviewers to anticipate and avoid future changes to review methods (i.e., outcomes)

Increased awareness of minimum content for protocol reporting

Improved completeness of reporting of completed reviews

PROSPERO (and other review registries)

Encourage the development of PRISMA-P-based protocols

Improved quality of registry entries

Improved consistency across registry entries, protocols, and systematic reviews

Practice guideline developers

Use PRISMA-P to gauge the completeness of protocols and facilitate detection of selective reporting when considering reviews for guideline inclusion

Enables easy comparison across protocols, registry entries, and completed systematic reviews


Advocate use of PRISMA-P by those funding and carrying out systematic reviews

May yield better quality, more complete, and more consistent reviews to inform decision-making

Journal editors

Encourage compliance to PRISMA-P for authors submitting protocols for publication

Improved quality, completeness, and consistency of protocols over those published in journals not endorsing PRISMA-P

Offer PRISMA-P as a template to assist in protocol writing for publication

Increased efficiency in protocol peer and author understanding of journal requirements

Improved transparency and interpretation of reviews by readers


Use PRISMA-P as a training tool

Simplified teaching and grading of protocols

Encourage adherence in students submitting protocols for coursework

Improved quality, completeness, and consistency of protocol content


Develop protocols for coursework or research using PRISMA-P

Improved understanding of the minimum protocol content


Well-trained systematic reviewer going into the workforce