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Table 1 Publications and cohorts that report the relationship between measures of dietary sugar intake and type 2 diabetes

From: Evidence-based mapping of design heterogeneity prior to meta-analysis: a systematic review and evidence synthesis

  Macronutrients
Cohorts (reference) Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) - broadly defineda Total sugarsb Sucrose Fructose Glucose Fructose and glucose
>25,000 Participants       
BWHS [28]      
EPIC-All [29, 30] (29) (30)     
EPIC-FR [31]      
EPIC-NL [32]      
EPIC-P [33]    
HPFS [34, 35]      
IWHS [36]    
JPHC [37]      
MelC [38]      
NHS [35, 39, 40] (35,39)  (40)    
NHSII [41]      
SCHS [42]      
WHS [43]   
10,000 TO 24,999 Participants       
ARIC [44]      
5000 to 9,999 Participants       
MESA [45]      
1000 to 4,999 Participants       
EPIC-Nor [46]   
FMC [47]
Jfact [48]      
Total publications: 15 6 6 5 5 1
Total unique cohorts representedc 11 4 6 5 5 1
  9 Publications: 8 Cohorts
  1. aSSB was broadly defined to include studies that defined sweetened beverages as either SSB only or as soft drinks (either sugar or artificially sweetened).
  2. bTotal sugars = disaccharides and monosaccharides.
  3. cTotal cohorts represented enumerates unique cohorts. Eight of 10 countries are represented in EPIC-All, which overlaps with country specific EPIC publications except for Norway and Greece.
  4. ARIC, Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study; WHS, Women’s Health Study (B, Black, I, Iowa); EPIC-All, P, N, NL, FR, European Prospective Investigation of Cancer (InterAct Study, Potsdam, Norfolk, Netherlands, France); FMC, Finnish Mobile Clinic Health Examination Survey; HPFS, Health Professional’s Follow up Study; Jfact, Study of Japanese factory workers; JPHC, Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Study; MESA, Multi-ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis; NHS, Nurse’s Health Study; SCHS, Singapore Chinese Study.