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Table 1 Examples of causes of acute lung injury in humans

From: Efficacy and safety of mesenchymal stromal cells in preclinical models of acute lung injury: a systematic review protocol

Direct Indirect
Infectious pneumonia Sepsis
Pulmonary contusion Severe trauma
Aspiration Surface burns
Smoke inhalation Venous air embolism
Near drowning Amniotic fluid embolism
Following upper airway obstruction Neurogenic pulmonary edema
Acute eosinophilic pneumonia Multiple blood transfusions
Bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP) Leukoagglutinin reactions
Miliary tuberculosis Pancreatitis
Drug reaction/overdose
Cardiopulmonary bypass
Multiple fractures
Postbone marrow transplantation