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Table 1 Examples of damage control interventions/adjuncts

From: Efficacy and safety of damage control in experimental animal models of injury: protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis

Interventions or adjuncts Procedure Examples
Interventions Thoracic Therapeutic mediastinal and/or pleural space packing[6]; rapid lung-sparing surgery (pulmonary tractotomy, peripheral wedge resection, or pneumonorraphy)[7]; pulmonary hilum twisting[6]; and rapid stapled pneumonectomy
  Abdominal Perihepatic or diffuse intra-abdominal packing[7]; peripancreatic drainage[7]; resection of a segment of bowel with delayed reanastomosis[7, 8], rapid bowel ligation[31, 41], or other techniques to control gastrointestinal spillage, including the use of skin staplers or allis clamps[6]; temporary abdominal closure techniques (including negative pressure peritoneal therapy or use of the Bogota bag[32]); and intraintestinal drainage
  Pelvis Extraperitoneal pelvic packing[7]
  Vascular Temporary intravascular shunting[30, 39, 40]; vascular ligation[30]; balloon catheter tamponade[9]; and arterial clamping[53]
Adjuncts Interventions that assist in hemostasis Topical hemostatic agents, including combat gauze or a fibrin patch[6, 49, 50] and modified rapid deployment hemostat bandage[44]; powders containing fibrin, collagen, and/or thrombin[44]; chitosan-based dressings[45]; absorbable mesh wraps/bandages[51, 52]; zeolite powder-based dressings[43]; self-expanding, intracavitary polyurethane polymers[46]; and resuscitative balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA)[47].