Skip to main content

Table 4 Number of CAM Field specialized register citations classified by type of CAM interventions

From: Bibliometric and content analysis of the Cochrane Complementary Medicine Field specialized register of controlled trials

CAM intervention Citations n(% of citations in register) MEDLINE-indexed citations N (% of citations in intervention category that are MEDLINE-indexed)
Non-vitamin, non-mineral dietary supplements (e.g., glucosamine, fish oil) 15,140 (33.8) 12,529 (82.8)
Chinese herbal medicine (e.g., Astragalus membranaceus, Schisandra chinensis) 12,118 (27.0) 3,575 (29.5)
Diet-based therapies 9,009 (20.1) 9,009 (88.3)
Vitamin and mineral interventions (includes megavitamin therapies and vitamin or mineral therapies for other than medically diagnosed deficiencies or deficiency-related disorders) 7,741 (17.3) 6,468 (83.6)
Acupuncture 6,035 (13.5) 2,632 (43.6)
Relaxation (includes guided imagery and deep breathing) 3,743 (8.3) 3,194 (85.3)
Interventions using veritable energy modalities (unconventional uses of magnets, phototherapy, electrical stimulation, or ultrasonic therapy) 2,977 (6.6) 2,265 (76.1)
Chiropractic or osteopathic manipulation 2,606 (5.8) 2,041 (78.3)
Biofeedback 2,109 (4.7) 1,643 (77.9)
Massage 1,481 (3.3) 987 (66.6)
Traditional medicine not otherwise specified (e.g., Ayurveda, Kampo) 1,409 (3.1) 560 (39.7)
Meditation (includes mindfulness-based therapies) 1,259 (2.8) 1,056 (83.9)
Biologically based interventions not otherwise specified (e.g., balneotherapy, prolotherapy) and excluding interventions using energy fields 1,215 (2.8) 944 (77.7)
Interventions using putative energy fields (distant healing, prayer, qi gong, reiki, spiritual healing, and therapeutic touch) 1,210 (2.7) 801 (66.2)
Sensory art therapies (includes art, dance, drama, music, and play therapy) 1,136 (2.5) 911 (80.2)
Hypnosis 780 (1.7) 600 (76.9)
Homeopathy 755 (1.7) 302 (40.0)
Manipulative and body-based therapies not otherwise specified (e.g., Alexander technique, Pilates) 438 (0.9) 212 (48.4)
Yoga 333 (0.7) 242 (72.7)
Tai chi 188 (0.4) 149 (79.3)
Chelation therapy 153 (0.3) 148 (96.7)
Unclassified 3,093 (6.9) 2,124 (68.7)
Totals* 44,840 28,850 (64.3)
  1. *Because individual citations were frequently classified into more than one CAM intervention category, the sum of the numbers of citations classified into each CAM intervention category exceeds the total number of citations in the CAM Field register (i.e., 44,840).