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Table 1 Vaccines recommended for children by the World Health Organization (WHO) typically given in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) a

From: Understanding interventions for improving routine immunization coverage in children in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review protocol

Vaccine Doses Age Minimum interval
BCG 1 Birth or soon after Not applicable
OPV 4 Birth, 6, 10, 14 weeks 4 weeks
DTP 3 6, 10, 14 weeks 4 weeks
HepBb 3/4 Birth, 6, 10, 14 weeks 4 weeks
Hib 3 6, 10, 14 weeks 4 weeks
PCV 3 6, 10, 14 weeks 4 weeks
RVc 2/3 6, 10, 14 weeks 4 weeks
Measles 1 9 months Not applicable
Rubellad 1 9 or 12 months Not applicable
Yellow fever 1 9 months Not applicable
Vitamin A 2 9, 15 months 6 months
HPVe 3 9 to 13 years Variable
Meningococcaf 1/2 >9 months Variable
Japanese encephalitisg 1/2 9 to 12 months 4 weeks
  1. aFull list of recommended vaccines here: http://www.who.int/immunization/policy/Immunization_routine_table2.pdf.
  2. bSome countries have a policy of giving a birth dose of the hepatitis B vaccine.
  3. cThere are two types of licensed rotavirus vaccines, Rotateq and Rotarix. Rotarix is given in two doses, while a full series of Rotateq vaccination consists of three doses. The first dose of the rotavirus vaccine should be administered between 6 and 14 weeks. The maximum age for administering the last dose of the vaccine should be 32 weeks.
  4. dMinimum age for giving rubella is 6 months.
  5. eThere are two types of licensed HPV vaccines. The quadrivalent vaccine is given between 9 to 13 years with a 4-week minimum interval between the first and second dose, and a minimum of 12 weeks between the second and third dose. The bivalent vaccine is given between 10 to 13 years with a maximum of 2.5 months between the first and second dose.
  6. fThere are three meningococcal vaccines available: Men A conjugate, one dose given between 1 and 29 years; Men C conjugate, two doses given between 2 and 11 months with a minimal interval of 8 weeks between first and second dose, or one dose given >12 years; quadrivalent conjugate, two doses between 9 and 23 months, with 12 weeks between the first and second dose, or one dose given at >2 years.
  7. gThere are two vaccines available: the mouse-brain-derived vaccine, two doses given at 1 year, with 4 weeks between first and second dose; and the live attenuated vaccine, one dose given between 9 and 12 months.
  8. BCG Bacille Calmette-Guérin, DTP diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccine, HepB hepatitis B vaccine, Hib Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine, HPV human papilloma virus, PCV pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, OPV oral polio vaccine, RV rotavirus vaccine.